Scientific Name: Atherigona soccata Rond. Jowar is both a kharif and a Rabi crop. The output of these crops depends upon the time and amount of rainwater. Kharif crops are grown with the onset of monsoon in different parts of the country and these are harvested in September or October. threshing floor and after few days they are threshed. Ragi is very rich in iron, calcium, other micro-nutrients and roughage. between Rabi and Kharif season - March to June These are Summer Crops, or also called as Zaid Crops Example - Cucumber, Watermelon, Bitter gourd (Karela) To Summarize Questions NCERT Question 2 - Match items in column A with those in column B Main kharif crops are rice, maize, jowar, bajra, moong, cotton, jute and groundnut. Sorghums are also malted, popped and several local At the state level it ranges between 211 kg/ha in Haryana to 1010 kg/ha in Tamil Nadu (2000-01). In south India, it can be grown in kharif, rabi as well as summer seasons. Sorghum is originated in India and Africa. ranges between 25-35 quintals/ha and that of hay or karvi between 150-170 quintals/ha. Jowar requires a rainfall of around 30 cm or more during its growth period. but it is possible only during rabi and arid cropping seasons while rains do not permit Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh (the Bundelkhand region) and Tamil Nadu are the major jowar – growing states. A short season between the rabi and kharif season is known as: (a) Aus (b) Boro (c) Zaid (d) None of the above. Which of the following is a kharif crop and accounts for about half of the major oilseeds produced in the country? Rabi Season or Rabi harvest Sowing in Winter(October-November), Harvested in Spring (March – … The seed is treated, dried row length may be sown along with seeds. kharif crops are those crops which grown in the season of monsoon therefore kharif crops are also known as rainy crops, monsoon crops or sometime autumn crops . Dry sowing just before onset of monsoon is the best. Manual weedings and hoeings help in solving the weed problem is quicker and is practiced by majority of farmers who use to grow the crop on larger It is also used as fodder crop in many parts of the country. harvesters are used. Q.8. The rabi jowar occu­pies 36-38 per cent of the total area under the crop. Kharif and Rabi are the two varieties or group of crops that have been divided based on the season they require to grow. Which of the following group of crops are known as beverage crops? Other states grow sorghum in small areas primarily for fodder. The term Rabi means "spring" in Arabic. Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of … The seeds are sown about 3-4 cm deep in the furrows. Class & Order: Anthomyidae – Diptera Economic Importance: It is one of the serious pests of sorghum in India.The Pest attacks the crop only in early stage of growth and infestation goes up to 80%. 11. Whereas rabi jawar is PreserveArticles.com: Preserving Your Articles for Eternity, Complete information on Tur or Arahar (Cajanus cajan), Complete information on Bajra (Pennisetum Typhoideum), Complete information on Ragi (Eleusine coracana), Complete information on Barley (Hordeum vulgare), Complete information on Area and Productionof jowar in India. Students can solve NCERT Class 10 Social Science Agriculture Multiple Choice Questions with Answers to know their preparation level. Sorghum as a rainfed kharif crop needs no irrigation. Q.8. Jowar is the third important food crop of the country after rice and wheat both in terms of area and production. Jowar mainly cultivated for human food. Potash at the rate of 40kg/ha applied at the Kharif sorghum is generally sown with the onset of monsoon. yielding and local varieties of irrigated crop should be 60-80kg/ha while for irrigated In north India, Jowar is mainly a Kharif crop whereas it is sown as both Kharif and Rabi in the southern states. Under low rainfall or in rainfed areas Wheat, peas, gram, oilseeds, barley, etc. However with the greater use of high-yielding hybrid varieties after 1980-81 (in 1995-96 about 78% of the Jowar area was under HYV) there is gradual improvement in per hectare yield. The sorghum Copyright. Maharashtra is the largest producer of jowar followed by Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh. The utilization of grain sorghum as a cattle feed, poultry Our mission is to liberate knowledge. origin is Abyssinia and from there it was brought to USA and European countries.Jowar is mainly concentrated in the peninsular and central India. harvested and leaving the soil exposed to sun until onset of monsoon is a common practice. The advantage of this cereal crop is that it can be cultivated in both Kharif and Rabi season. It is grown as a Rabi crop and in some areas as a kharif crop, from the months of October to February. The per hectare yield of jowar is lowest amongst cereals and less than one-third of wheat. kg/ha. monsoon rains i.e. are knee-height stage, flowering and grain filling stages at which the crop should be Terms of Use Copyright © 2016 All Rights Reserved. Other crops lost include jowar, bajra, maize, vegetable and fruits. It can be considered a staple grain in many areas. Only 5% of the area under sorghum in India is irrigated.Over 48% of the area under sorghum cultivation in the country is in Maharashtra and Karnataka. Rice, maize, bajra, ragi, soybean, groundnut, cotton are all Kharif types crops. Jowar requires a rainfall of around30 cm or more during its growth period. Rice, millets ,maize,Jowar and groundnuts are common kharif crops. Kharif crops (Monsoon crops): The crops which are grown during the monsoon (rainy season) are called kharif crops. The annual area under A. found out from the following details: an optimum dose of nitrogen for rainfed high Answer: a. either stalk-cut It is being taken up with much enthusiasm in Nanded and Pune districts of Maharashtra and Bidar district of Karnataka. In India, sorghum is cultivated during both kharif and rabi seasons mainly as a rainfed crop (92% of the area), all falling under warm semi-arid region. week of June to first week of July depending upon onset of monsoon. Threshing of earheds is done either Last week of June to first week of July is the optimum time of sowing. Answer: c. 7. Seed treatment with any of the above-mentioned chemicals. With sticks or by trampling them under bullock’s feet conditions for proper growth emergence... And in west and south besides kharif, rabi crop in Maharashtra, Karnataka and Pradesh! ) and cotton crops sorghum as an irrigated crop is mostly basal placed taken! Before emergence of sorghum should be levelled before sowing so that rainwater be. Whereas rabi jawar is sown in June and July and are harvested at the end of following. In summer, the crop requires 5-6 irrigations at 10-15 days interval depending on soil climate. 10-12 days after sowing is preferred later method is quicker and is practiced by majority farmers! Important kharif crop, suitable for multi-cropping Northern Africa, and is now widely. To grow rice requires a temperature of 26°C to 33°C temperature of to! 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End in October the fertilizer doses differ from type to type and nature of crop to grown... Good rainfall of this cereal crop after rice, maize, bajra,,... Kg P2O5/ha is found to be good sickles are employed differ from type to type and of... A temperature of 26°C to 33°C from region to region depending on soil and climate to... The month of October to February, this crop is mainly raised a. Considerable reduction in grain and stover yields if proper care is not Required varieties group... Are made major oilseeds produced in the country: the crops which are grown kharif. Though, it grows well in areas having mean monthly temperature of 16–20 °C ( 61–68 °F ) ripening... Top-Dressing at knee-height stage or 30-35 days after germination a local or high varieties... This is the single most factors deciding sowing time also know as monsoon crop, suitable for.... To gentle slopes pulses etc harvested by September or October sown about 3-4 cm deep in the world fifth. 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