According to UNESCO, the shrine is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. Although I did some homework I didn't really get a grip on this monument during my first visit in 2001. 2017 - The Jongmyo Shrine infographic shows details about Jongmyo Shrine in Seoul, South Korea. "Temple Room", i.e. Overall, I enjoyed my visit and I'm glad I allowed a full day to visit the site and to enjoy the royal culture festival. I think this is actually good as the guide was able to try and make some sense of the Confucian concepts behind the function of the shrine. [citation needed], The current Jeongjeon is National treasure of Korea No. One of the buildings in Jongmyo has a video showing a recent ceremony, together with a spirit table “loaded” with replica plastic food and various pots and implements. The second largest is Yeongnyeongjeon, which has 16 spirit chambers and houses 34 tablets. The most important state ritual, Jongmyo Jerye, performed once a year in May with ritual instrumental music, singing and dancing, is inscribed on the Masterpieces of Oral and Intangible Heritage of Humanity. May 31, 2013 - Jongmyo Shrine is the oldest Confucian royal shrine of Seoul in South Korea. IMO, by far the best explanation of the shrine - its structure, purpose and history and of the ceremony which took/takes place there, is to be found in the excellent (and free) “National Palace Museum of Korea ” situated next to Gyeongbokgung Palace (The National Museum itself is well worth visiting too but is less good than the Palace Museum in respect of Jongmyo). It consists of 2 main memorial halls – Jeongjeon and Yeongnyeongjeon It was built in 1394 and has been used to the early 20th century. In the freezing cold of early January it is all very austere, but I'm glad I went for a second time to hear more of the explanations of the guide. The site has It was built in 1394 by king Taejo and is then thought to be the oldest Confucian sanctuary. Easy access from Incheon Airport via Bus #6015. I was sort of looking forward to seeing the architecture of the site. According to UNESCO, the shrine is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and the ritual ceremonies continue a tradition established in the 14th century. After that period of mourning, memorial tablets of the deceased were moved to Jongmyo and enshrined in Jeongjeon (top left photo), which now has 19 spirit chambers and houses a total of 49 tablets. In 2008, I chose to visit Jongmyo on the first Sunday of May, the only time of the year when Jongmyo is backed to its glory by the performance of Jongmyo Daeje. It consists of 2 main memorial halls – Jeongjeon and Yeongnyeongjeon Location Jongno District, Seoul, South Korea. ), too long in some places and not enough in others, no ability to go back and re-look etc etc – we are not good “tour group” material! English speaking tours are at 10am, 12pm, 2pm and 4pm. It was dedicated to the memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. Take the Seoul Subway (Line 1, 3, or 5) to Jongno 3-ga Station and leave through Exit 11. It isn’t really an easily accessible site, which is why I was glad to see that access to this site is now by guided tour only (about every 2 hours in English). The construction of Jongmyo predates that of the main palace of Seoul, Gyeongbokgung. 2.530 Average Apart from being a truly unique Confucian site, what gives this site OUV is the fact that of all the Confucian sites in Asia, Jongmyo is the only preserved one and continues to be used today for royal ancestral rites. [2] Today the rituals have been reconstructed and revived. This Confucian shrine, an architectural masterpiece, remains the scene of rituals that pay tribute to past kings and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site. In the old times, this ceremony was held at the change of seasons and during the twelfth lunar month of the year. I am sure that most tourists will visit it but, whilst the entry level on Floor 2 is good for the Joseon Palaces and kings etc, it is important to go down 2 further floors, past the display of the Korean Empire and the 2 imperial cars, to the basement level. Also just to pick up on Rob’s point below; Korea’s attitude to entrance fees really should be commended. Jongmyo shrine is a fascinating visit for anyone interested in Seoul’s history. Read more about the Jongmyo Shrine on my website. 29. The guide was passionate & informative & ensures to sensitive tourists to the meaning & customs of the shrine. [citation needed] The main hall, known as Jeongjeon (Hangul: 정전; Hanja: 正殿), had seven rooms. 56 and is performed every year on the first Sunday in May. Several public buses serve the Jongmyo Shrine bus stop. It is a pretty austere site to get a grip on. This one is still in place. None of Jongmyo's facilities are lavishly adorned. Photos and description of the architecture of Jongmyo ancestral shrine, Seoul, South Korea A pleasant 45 minutes deviation from my rather full itinerary. The Jongmyo rite is usually accompanied with the court music playing and dance called Ilmu or line Dance. The Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1995. The site is a splendid place to take a walk, or as a quite spot for reflection. It is beautifully serene and peaceful (most of the time). When to Get There Jongmyo is open Wednesdays to Mondays throughout the … In this shrine are kept the so-called memorial tablets for the kings and queens of the last dynasty of Korea. The current form of the shrine has been the same since the 16th century. Like many buildings dating from the Joseon Dynasty, the Jongmyo Shrine was rebuilt in the early 17C on the ashes of the original edifice, destroyed by Japanese invasions. It is held every year on the first Sunday of May. There are 19 memorial tablets of kings and 30 of their queens, placed in 19 chambers. and, best of all, CGI videos which first show the stages in the construction and extension of the shrine and then bring the ceremony to life by animating the relevant “Uigwe”. According to Confucian philosophy and the concepts of geomancy, it was built on the east side of the royal palace, while the Sajik Shrine, where ritual services for the gods of earth and crops were performed, was built on the west side. They really lend themselves to animation and those in the museum also have English sub-titles. I am excited by this development. Others have praised the guided aspect, though I must say that we found our guided tour of the Huwon at Changdeokgung something of a disappointment - too many people and not enough “meat” in the explanations (not unreasonable given the range of visitors and their interests - or lack thereof! 27 พ.ย. [3], An elaborate performance of ancient court music (with accompanying dance) known as Jongmyo jeryeak (Hangul: 종묘제례악; Hanja: 宗廟祭禮樂) is performed there each year for the Jongmyo jerye ritual. It was built in 1394 by king Taejo and is then thought to be the oldest Confucian sanctuary. The entrance has been expanded forming a "green axis" that is aimed toward connecting Jongmyo Shrine with Namsan Park. I don't know if you can say that you like it or not - it's meant as a shrine. History When it was built in 1394 by order of King Taejo, the Jongmyo Shrine was thought to be one of the longest buildings in Asia, if not the longest. Like the many of the palaces, Jongmyo Shrine is situated in a park-like area with lots of trees. I bought a ticket for the tour of 4 p.m., a tour that still attracted 25-30 people. The royal ceremony in Jongmyo called Jongmyo Daeje, a performance of ritual, music and dance, is considered the only existing royal Confucius ceremony that still practicing in modern time recognized by UNESCO as world intangible cultural asset, so Jongmyo is a few place on earth holding two statuses from UNESCO world heritage program. Jongmyo Shrine is a Confucian royal shrine and a UNESCO World Heritage Site in Seoul. Jongmyo (Hangul: 종묘; Hanja: 宗廟) is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897). Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. The guide was passionate & informative & ensures to sensitive tourists … [citation needed] The original tablets were saved in the invasion by hiding them in the house of a commoner and also survive. Jongmyo, a Confucian shrine dedicated to the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty (1392–1897), is considered the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved in the world. The main hall is the longest building in Korea of traditional design. [citation needed] Each room is very simple and plain in design. It likes an elders' garden. It is astonishing that this "green axis" will happen in a city of 10 million. Jongmyo Shrine, the destination of the procession, was the setting of ceremonial rituals during the Joseon dynasty. Jongmyo Shrine lies in the center of Seoul. Update: I revisited Jongmyo in 2016 to improve my pictures and better appreciate this quite WHS. The tablets of the most important kings are located in the main building on the site: an elongated building with 35 rooms on a vast square. The worth thing and the most important thing is annual holy services for the Kings and Queens at the fist Saturday in May. [citation needed] Each room, known as "myo-shil" (Hangul: 묘실; Hanja: 廟室, lit. It is the oldest royal Confucian shrine preserved and it is a UNESCO World Heritage site. [2] The Jongmyo Jerye-ak, the traditional court music of Joseon, is performed by the Royal Court Orchestra and has been designated as Important Intangible Cultural Property of South Korea No. Like the Changdeok Palace, it suffers from a lack of fixtures and artifacts. Find its location, facts, history, map, nearby attractions and more. [citation needed] There are 19 memorial tablets of kings and 30 of their queens, placed in the 19 chambers. But this didn’t really add a great deal for us. Jongmyo is a Confucian shrine dedicated to the perpetuation of memorial services for the deceased kings and queens of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. The site does tie in well with Seoul’s other World Heritage Sites as they cover the places where the kings lived, were buried and Jongmyo is where their souls rest. The ceremony was nice with strange sound of ancient musical instruments and many graceful ritual movements from dancers and because of the ceremony, all gates of the shrine were opened providing a rare chance to peek the spirit tablets inside the building. The complex is still used today for ritual ceremonies. These are over 3000 documents (now all inscribed on the “Memory of the World” register) which, with incredible detail, describe the many Joseon court rituals in the form of both text and beautifully drawn/painted scenarios in which the location of every “actor” in the ritual is shown and their movements through the ceremony are described. Esoteric maybe, but worth knowing about within the overall context of the shrine and the Jerye! The tablets are kept behind closed doors. The Jongmyo Shrine was added to the UNESCO World Heritagelis… : Royal Shrine) was reserved for a king and his queen. You can only visit the shrine with a guided tour (except on Saturdays apparently) but the tour is included in the ticket price. Twice a year, these ancestors are honored by a big ritual of song, dance and music in the Confucian tradition. [2] This court music has its origins in Chinese court music that was brought to Korea during the Goryeo period (918-1392). The path on the right was for the king and the one on the left was for the crown prince. It is also the best preserved of these shrines. The tour takes about 1 hour. This site is really intersting for its architecture and its symbolism. Get information like fast facts, when to visit, weather, places to visit, hotels, restaurants, things to do, transportation and much more. Being the place where the royal ancestral tablets are enshrined, Jongmyo's atmosphere is solemn and sacred rather than splendid like the royal palaces. Such shrines existed during the Three Kingdoms of Korea period (57-668), but these have not survived. [citation needed] Musicians, dancers, and scholars would perform Confucian rituals, such as the Jongmyo Daeje (Royal Shrine Ritual) in the courtyard five times a year. The 7 reviews to date of the Jongmyo Shrine are fairly “mixed” in terms of the degree of “value” which people felt they had obtained from their visit. It think it won't be the most understandable of sites for many that are not up on Confucian ideas, I am glad that I visited it but I enjoyed my tea with the curious birds a little more. In fact Jongmyo contains a full range of the usual bilingual metal signs we grew to know and love around Korea and they are excellently detailed (Nowadays I always photo such signs and they are proving a very useful resource on our return) - a problem, however, is the extent to which the buildings and the Jongmyo Jerye ceremony which takes place there are inextricably intertwined - one can’t be understood without the other. [not verified in body] Nowadays[when?] Find its location, facts, history, map, nearby attractions and more. Jongmyo Shrine Seoul - Comprehensive travel guide of Jongmyo Shrine in Seoul, Explore Location, Opening Closing Timings, How to reach, Entrance Fees, Opening Closing Days & Hours, Images of Jongmyo Shrine Seoul, South Korea at ixigo trip planner As well as cabinets describing and explaining each of the implements/pots etc used in the ceremony, there are videos of it (this time with English subtitles!) [citation needed] This practice of expansion continued, with the growth of the complex moving from west to east, because of the need to house more memorial tablets during the reigns of later kings until there were a total of 19 rooms. 'Ve noticed some nice changes to the tablet, there is obviously much more to see there it! Written prayers the second largest is Yeongnyeongjeon, which has 16 spirit chambers and 34! 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