The development of the continuous-bow pattern is discussed in Evans. Fig. Early armchairs often had loose seat cushions stuffed with feathers. From the early 1700s to early 1800s, Windsor chairs were in widespread use in rural parts of England and known as garden chairs. On the end wall of that space this vintage breakfront secretary with bubble glass now sits. 1790–1800. For example, a chair that is supposedly original, unrefinished and from the 1800s should not smell like fresh varnish or upholstery. ... Windsor chair. 1760–1770. The spindled backs come in several heights and shapes too, and that feature usually identifies Windsor chairs: "low back," "comb back," "bow back," for example. The age factor is subjective: general antique stores label objects 50 years or older as antiques. The development of the Windsor chair reflected a growing understanding that chairs with shaped seats and curved backs suited the human body better than the older style chairs. Windsor Chairs, An Illustrated Handbook, by Wallace Nutting [leading New England authority], 1917. American Windsors. H. 44 5/8", W. (seat) 25 3/8", D. (seat) 16". Windsor chairs were made in a wide range of styles and there are distinct regional variations from all over Britain and the USA where the form was equally popular. “The chair arrived yesterday without any problems and I am absolutely satisfied! February 8, 2016. Clues can indicate the date that a chair … Most people have encountered a contemporary Windsor chair, as the light, easy-to-carry English design has been reproduced for centuries. Philadelphia and New York City sack-back Windsor chairs are discussed in Evans. Elizabethan (1520–1620) Early American Style (1640–1700) Here are some of them. Sometimes style is enough to tell how old a chair is, especially if that style was only popular for a short time. Difference Between a Sofa and a Davenport, How to Tell the Age of a Thonet Bentwood Wicker Rocker, Mental Floss: Screw This, Screw That: Why We Have Different Types of Screws. 6 (left): Bow-back Windsor armchair, branded by Joseph Henzey (1743–1796), Philadelphia, PA, ca. William Cox bill to Stephen Girard, April 28, 1786, Girard Papers, Girard College, Philadelphia, PA (microfilm, American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia). Courtesy of Winterthur Museum. I hope all my thoughts will prove useful, and you’ll find what you’re looking for! In the 1900s, synthetic materials such as upholstery foam and fiberfill entered the scene. (4 vols) Books on Windsor Chairs Nutting. A Windsor chair is a chair built with a solid wooden seat into which the chair-back and legs are round-tenoned, or pushed into drilled holes, in contrast to standard chairs (whose back legs and back uprights are continuous).The seats of Windsor chairs were often carved into a shallow dish or saddle shape for comfort. It fits so well, it looks like it was made for the space. 7). Windsor Chairs The finished American Windsor chair is truly a functional work of art, built to last many years and destined to become a cherished heirloom. The chair has evolved greatly since that time, with numerous styles and materials from which to choose. Beware of furniture that’s made to look old. They were introduced to America in the 1720s. Some antique chairs have obvious stories, told in a loud voice. MA: Old America, 1917. Federal – Early 19th century. Windsor chairs are still being made in the traditional way today. If it’s the same as the rest of the piece, it’s probably a reproduction. All rights reserved. Generally, the older chairs will have the most spindles. 2). 3 (left): Sack-back Windsor armchair, possibly by Thomas Ash I and William Ash I (active 1783–1794), New York City, ca. One of the greatest telltale signs of a chair's age include the markings or tags left by the manufacturer. When identifying antique chairs, it's important to have a basic knowledge of the significant design periods and the important types of chairs. A Lesson in Identifying Furniture Age. Beginning in 1980 he taught Windsor chair-making around the United States and Canada. Look at images of chairs similar to yours online if you are unsure when your chair was manufactured. If you are unsure whether the chair is a reproduction or original, look for signs of age or newness. Traditional Chairs- Helpful Tips To Identifying Classic Windsor Chair Designs. For example, an olive green recliner with yellow or orange flowers is most likely from the late 1960s to 1970s, as that type of print and color combination hasn't come back into fashion -- yet. High-back and low-back Windsors, which evolved together, are similar to the point of the arm rail. A sack-back windsor arm chair in mixed woods with a chestnut seat on baluster and turned tapering legs. (2 copies). 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