It is an organization supporting players in the millet value chain seeking technical resources and promotional materials. Ethiopian terms for finger-millet 5 Table 6. In fact, as we move forward in time, we see that as agricultural communities were able to avail of irrigation, more and more of them have lose out on their millet heritage. We find millets popping up in literature, sculptures, paintings,  folk songs and religious compositions from different times and geographies. africana but questioned Eleusine indica as … Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. 1 Scope. A brief history of millets Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. This East African Standard specifies the requirements and methods of sampling and test for finger millet grains of varieties (cultivars) grown from Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertner intended for human consumption, i.e., ready for its intended use as human food, presented in packaged form or sold loose from the package directly to the consumer. The crop is grown mainly by subsis- About finger millet • Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Taiwanese names for finger-millet 8 MAPS Map 1. coracana), an important cereal in East Africa and India, is a tetraploid species with unknown genomic components. Considering how likely it would be that early humans would be able to access dry, rain fed lands as compared to wetlands, it becomes apparent that millets would be the go to grains to meet dietary needs. Application of System of Rice Intensification concepts and methods to the growing of finger millet, known in much of India as ragi, was one of the first extensions of SRI thinking, starting in India, but then also undertaken in Ethiopia.Finger millet is a major cereal crop for the poor in both South Asia and Sub-Saharan Africa. The plant is native to Africa, Asia, Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands. Finger millet (2n = 4x = 36), subsp. Finger millet roots in the Bantu-speaking area 4 Map 2. Origin. Distribution of finger-millet in ISEA 8 Map 4. The seeds can be stored for a long time. Finger millet is a traditional crop of many ethnic groups in Kenya, but "nowadays grown to a relatively smaller extent than before." Millets are a group of highly variable small-seeded grasses, widely grown around the world as cereal crops or grains for fodder and human food. is an important cereal food crop in Africa and South Asia. Finger-millet in India 6 Map 3. Scientific   Eleusine coracanaEnglish   African millet   Finger millet   Koracan   RagiDutch   VingergierstFrench   Coracan   Éleusine   Eleusine cultivee   KoracanGerman   Fingerhirse, Genus   EleusineFamily   PoaceaeOrder   Poales. Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Finger millet grows well in semi-arid tropical climates and is also adapted to high altitude in mountainous regions. Glycemic Index, Glycemic Load and the changes in blood sugar levels, Dehusking small millets - its what we retain that matters. Interesting crop characteristics of finger millet are the ability to withstand cultivation at altitudes over 2000 m above sea level, its high drought tolerance, and the long storage time of the grains. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana(L.) Gaertn. Finger Millet is probably of Indian or African origin. Finger millet is the fourth millet in terms of worldwide production after sorghum (Sorghum bicolor), pearl millet (Pennisetum glaucum) and foxtail millet (Setaria italica) (Upadhyaya et al., 2007). Seeds are used to make flour which can be used to make bread, porridge or pancakes. Compare the English term miliary fever. … According to the US National Research Finger millet has an excellent food value as its seeds contain protein ranging from 7 to 14% and are particularly rich in methionine amino acid, iron, and calcium. Basic Species Information Finger millet is the common English name of the crop Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn., a domesticated cereal of African origin which spreads in prehistory to Asia, also sometimes referred to as korakan or ragi (a widespread local name in India) or dagusa (in Ethiopia). Finger millet is a robust, tufted, tillering annual grass and the inflorescence is a panicle with 4-19 finger-like spikes that resembles a fist when mature, hence it is named as finger millet. Many of the minor millets are endangered, as they are getting depleted, and some of them have even totally been eliminated.” Each millet has an importance of its own. Distribution: Finger millet is cultivated in the drier areas of Africa and Asia, with highest production in India. Several small grain cereals are all known by the name “Millet” but are actually different crop species. Finger Millet is the main food grain for many peoples as it is higher in protein, fat and minerals than rice, corn or sorghum. belongs to family Poaceae. The plants produces clusters of 4 to 6 ears, which are 5 to 15 cm long. Required fields are marked *. Experts often refer to finger millet as a famine crop due to … coracana, belongs to the family Poaceae, genus Eleusine in the tribe Eragrostideae. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. Finger millet is a cereal grown mainly in drier regions of Africa and Asia. One finds many millet preparations in traditional cuisines surviving to this day in different parts of India, China, Japan, Korea, Russia, Turkey, Russia, Ethiopia, etc. Finger millet grains — Specification. Millet grains have been discovered in pots used for storing grans and seeds discovered at archaeological sites in present day China, India, Europe and different parts of Africa. It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. Finger millet [Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.] Cultivated finger millet is highly variable within its primary centre of origin in Africa and secondary centre in Indian sub-continent. Finger millet may also be known as ragi, African millet, or by its technical name of eleusine caracana. Finger millet is an important food crop grown in rain-fed uplands in the Dry zone and Intermediate zone of Sri Lanka. French and English: from a pet form of the personal name Miles. is a small cereal grain grown in the semi-arid sub- tropical and tropical regions of Africa and Asia where it is one of the cereal staples (ICRISAT/FAO 1996, Obilana and Manyasa 2002). Until the large scale investments in paddy and wheat promotion through the green revolution, millets were the staple grains of large sections of the population that did not have access to assured irrigation for their lands. Together with corn, finger millet is used in Kenya to brew opaque beers. A recent cytogenetic study confirmed the direct origin of this millet from the tetraploid E. coracana subsp. Cereals Food crops Tropical crops Staple food Forage and fodder crops, Your email address will not be published. Finger millet originated in East Africa (Ethiopian and Ugandan highlands) and came to India around 2000 BCE. 1eusine corocana . With growing health consciousness, environmental concern, and the pressing need for updating our food systems to survive climate change, millets, probably the earliest of cereal grains that humans started domesticating, are making a comeback. features of the finger millet utricle in greater detai 1 than has previously been published. Finger millet [Eleucine coracana(L.) Gaertn.] corocana) were obtained from the millet quality trials in Cinzana , Mali, in 1983. It is believed that Ethiopia or a neighboring region (Uganda) is the center of origin of finger millet, but in India, it was introduced probably over 3000 yr ago. The most widely grown millet is pearl millet, which is an important c About the System of Finger Millet (Ragi) Intensification . The Millet Foundation is a public charitable trust registered in Bengaluru, India. It is still a major crop among the Kuria, Ilchamus, West Pokot District, Tugen, and Marakwet. Native to Africa, finger millet is a grain that grows well in arid climates and high altitudes. It is used for malting and brewing. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) ssp. The species has two subspecies, africana (Kenn.-O’Byrne) K.W. Eleusine coracana ssp. West African terms for finger-millet 5 Table 7. Read full article By Yerroju Sridevi @ Pinnacle IHM Photo Credit: ICRISAT Finger millet popularly referred to as Ragi in Telugu, has taken its origin in Africa and later spread […] coracana (finger millet, eleusine) is widely distributed in Africa and India as a cereal. However, in Africa, finger millet is second and represents 19% of millet … iv. Finger millet is often grown intercropped with other plants such as peanut, cowpea, pigeon pea and Niger seeds. Domesticated finger millet was then also farmed in the lowlands of Africa. Uses. ],a widely grown traditional and highly nutritious grain cereal cultivated in the semiarid areas of Eastern and Southern Africa and - It is widely cultivated in tropical Asia and East Africa and on the rainy slopes of the Himalayas up to 2300 m elevation. These samples were from two … Millets have been a good part of the staple diet among many communities across the world. Fruits, vegetables, cereals and other agricultural crops. The crop is grown mainly by subsistence farmers and serves as a food security crop because of high nutritional value and … is an important subsistence cereal in parts of Africa and south Asia. Place of Origin: India Classification : The genus Eleusine consists of eleven species. In some cases it may have been a nickname for someone suffering from a skin disease, with blisters resembling grains of millet. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. Finger millet originates from east Africa, possibly Uganda or Ethiopia. Finger millet commonly known as ragi and mandua in India is one of the minor cereals a native of Ethiopia, but grown extensively in various regions of India and Africa, constitutes as a staple food that supply a major portion of calories and protein to large segments of the population in these countries especially for people of low income groups. Finger millet (Eleusine coracana) is an important food grain in southern Asia and parts of Africa. The oldest record of finger millet comes from an archaeological site in Africa dating to the 8th century AD. Foxtail millet (Setaria italica) has small pointed seeds. While pearl millet, sorghum, finger millet and foxtail millets come in the category of being the major millets, others such as sama, qodo, chinna etc., are considered minor millets. In mountainous regions widely grown millet is a tetraploid species with unknown genomic components the semiarid of! 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