Use of sex pheromone like “Cuelure”. Several biotic factors limit the production and productivity of cucurbits, of which the cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cu-curbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae), has been the most prominent pest. Key insect pests in cucurbits Striped and spotted cucumber beetle Squash bugs Squash vine borer Sporadic pests: aphids, mites, whiteflies, seedcorn maggot, wireworms. Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) World Vegetable Center. Cucurbits Attacked. possible. possible. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience (Diptera: Tephritidae) is one of the most serious pests of cucurbits in Bangladesh (Alam, 1969; Akhtaruzzaman . CABI is a registered EU trademark. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. Management Option. The fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coq.) It was found that majority of farmer belong to 30-40 age groups which accounts 33% and most them are males. Here it is a frequent source of an early fly build-up. Because of the difficulties associated with the control of this pest by chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits. … Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. The melon fruit fly is distributed all over the world, but India is considered as its native home (Table 1). Share this with Facebook: Twitter: Email: Recognize the problem Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. 4 Fruit Fly Management for Vegetable Growers QUEENSLAND FRUIT FLY (Bactrocera tryoni) Queensland fruit fly or Qfly is the species most people think about when discussing fruit fly control. However, further experiments on the integration of the above approaches would be extremely helpful to find out the most appropriate package against this pest. Subject(s): CUCURBITS CUCURBIT CULTIVARS CUCURBITS PEST MANAGEMENT IPM SEEDS. Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. CABI is a registered EU trademark. Spraying with 0.2% carbaryl is also found effective. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience It attacks young and older stages. After 7 to 10 days the maggot will drop onto the soil and pupate. As a result fruits rot and infestation often spread quickly. Images of Cucurbit Pests Click here to view image menu Information Cucurbit Pest Identification and Management, outline format (2018) Insect Pests of Cucurbits in Ohio (2017) Research Reports Squa… 2005). 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf File Size32.6 MiB DateJuly 28, 2016 Downloads497 LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Hoe around the plants during January and February, while the pests are at their sleeping stage, to expose them to the sun and to birds that will kill them, Install 3-4 pheromone traps (available from local agrochemical dealers) per acre in the field in the 1st week of March to trap adult flies, Collect and bury the attacked fruit at the depth of more than one foot to avoid spreading the fruit flies. BANASKANTHA (GUJARAT), INDIA *E-Mail: fk_43@yahoo.co.in _____ ABSTRACT The present survey for cultivated and wild hosts of fruit fly was carried out in … Female adult fruit flies have a prominent ovipositor which is used for laying eggs in the fruit. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Get all of the factsheets and pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Factsheets Library app. Life History. Nepal Share . Description: 2 p. Record ID: 66492. • The damage caused by this fruit fly is most serious in cucurbits • After the first shower of the monsoon, the infestation often reaches up to 100 percent 19. Fruit flies cause up to 50 % damage of cucurbits (York, 1992) whereas melon damage may be of 100% (Atwal and Dhaliwal, 2005). Fruit Fly, Bactrocera Cucurbitae (COQ) on Host Bottle Gourd, ... an integrated component of integrated pest management. This fruit will not develop and is often just left on the plant. Pakistan. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Nepal. Deep ploughing to expose hibernating stages, Application of spray baits and use of chemical traps are also found useful in reducing the intensity of infestation (see mango fruit fly control also) and 04_Fruit-fly-management-in-cucurbits_Urdu.pdf [32.59 MB] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest@worldveg.org. Total 95 farmers were interviewed randomly from Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi. Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit flies were introduced. Fruit fly is the most problematic insect pest of the cucumber group plants (cucurbits), which includes cucumber, bitter gourd, pumpkin etc. Attacked fruits become badly shaped, softer and smell bad. in Cucurbits Susan Webb University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology . Treat the soil with Malathion 5 % powder 20 kg per Ropani during winter, Deep ploughing in winter is recommended as this will damage pupae in the soil. Take yellow crushed ripened pumpkin and apply drops of Malathion 50 EC 0.1 % solution over it and keep it in different places on the ground near the crop. Damage assessment and management of cucurbit fruit flies in spring-summer squash R. Sapkota*, K. C. Dahal and R. B. Thapa Institute of Agriculture and Animal Science Chitwan, Nepal. Home > Fruit fly management in cucurbits (Urdu and English) Information ; Usage statistics ; Files ; Holdings . Maggots are found in infected fruits, which means the fruits cannot be eaten. Fruit flies lay their eggs inside the fruit and the maggots feed on the flesh. Insecticides applied for melonworm control must be applied when bees are not actively foraging. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. Scouting/ thresholds. The associated symptoms were wilting and drying out. Keywords: CUCURBITS. kaflekr@gmail.com or keshavkafle@yahoo.co.in, Collect damaged fruits regularly and destroy them in a deep hole or soak in water mixed with a chemical insecticide. Note(s) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits. Fruit fly traps containing cue lure, chemically known as 4-(p-acetoxyphenyl) -2-butanone, which attracts males of fruit flies were used for monitoring the population of fruit flies in different cucurbits. With baby marrows, female flowers often open before male flowers. The adults attack fruit in February and March when the fruit is growing on the plants. Overview •New products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management. If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. ©CAB International. For this reason, this fruit should be harvested with the first fruits and destroyed at the packhouse. Check plants regularly for signs of feeding damage to leaves and for the presence of larvae. Infestation of Fruit fly in Ridge Gourd, Snake Gourd and Bitter Gourd. Cucurbits stink bug: It attacks all most all cucurbit crops. is highly prone to damage by this pest in Nepal. The fly will not go into the shaded area under the newspaper or cloth so this will prevent the fly laying eggs. 25-50% yield loss was reported in cucurbits. In the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands, it was detected in 1943 and eradicated by sterile-insect release in 1963 (Steiner et al., 1965; Mitchell, 1980), but re-established from the neighboring Guam in 1981 (Wong et al., 1989). Biological control. The study showed that … If the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can be seen. Fruit flies are important pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants (Bharathi et al. Qfly can infest nearly all fruit and fruiting vegetables, including Solanaceae (capsicums, chillies) and cucurbits (zucchini, cucumber). Cost benefit/profitability In cucurbits, installation of fruit fly traps @ 25 traps/ ha along with BAT (jiggery + malathion) application thrice increased fruit yield to 142.0 q/ha compared to 117.5 q/ha in farmers practice. The study entitled "Major Insect Pest of Cucurbits and their management practices adopted in Lamjung District" were carried out from June23, 2018 to August 25, 2018. Numerous maggots may be seen within infected fruits. The adult fly is pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on. The eggs hatch and the maggots damage the fruit. Pesticides Cover young fruits with newspapers or waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or in a kitchen garden. et al., 1999 and 2000). It attacks young and older stages. This pest is also known as melon fly and sometimes as a cucurbit fruit fly. Contact … Fruit fly damage starts from March and ends in August or September. This is enough to spray 1 acre. Management of cucurbit fruit fly Bactocera cucurbiteae . FRUIT FLY OF CUCURBITS IN SEMI ARID REGION OF NORTH GUJARAT CHAUDHARY, F. K. * KRUSHI VIGYAN KENDRA SARDARKRUSHINAGAR DANTIWADA AGRICULTURAL UNIVERSITY DEESA-385 535 , DI. Prepare a food bait to control the flies. Add 0.5 L of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of solution. Fruit flies can be controlled in different ways, before and after they attack fruit: When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. This is complemented with experiences of the De-partment of Agriculture of Indonesia with area-wide fruit fly management in mango orchards on Java. The squash bug adults overwinter in all kinds of protected shelters, including dead leaves, vines, stones, and buildings. Female flies lay eggs inside the fruit. Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd, cucumber. Fruit fly (Dacus cucurbitae) is a major pest of cultivated cucurbits. Cucurbits Weed Photo Gallery, with Common and Scientific Names (12/09) Integrated Weed Management (7/13) Organic Weed Control (6/12) Special Weed Problems (6/12) Susceptibility of Weeds to Herbicide Control (7/13) Herbicide Treatment Table (5/16) The most effective cultural management technique to destroy the infested fruit that is not marketable, and then to dispose of the crop residues as soon as harvest is complete. Department of Agricultural Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar Iqbal. This may save a lot of money and effort later. Recommendation. Area-wide Fruit Fly Management (more on pages 8-9): The chapter on area-wide fruit fly management showcases results obtained by implementation of an area-wide program with citrus farmers in Karo district of North Sumatra, Indonesia. Hence, based on the experiences faced by the farmer Mr. Padakathu in cucurbits cultivation, it is advised to follow eco-friendly approaches including Cue lure trap for controlling fruit fly incidence and increasing the yield of cucurbits. Buy Studies on Population & Management of Melon Fruit Fly In Cucurbits: Population Dynamics and Management of Melon Fruit Fly Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) in cucurbit agro-ecosystem by online on Amazon.ae at best prices. The recommendations in this factsheet are relevant to: Apply carbaryl 10% DP in pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae. The yield advantage of technology was 20.9% with … Attacks are worse in the rainy season. The comparative evaluation of different methods against fruit fly revealed that, bagging of fruits at 3 DAA and retained for 5 days, bait trap and pheromone trap may be recommended for the management of cucurbit fruit fly. ©CAB International. It was discovered in Solomon Islands in 1984, and is now widespread in all the provinces, except Makira, Rennell-Bellona and Temotu (Eta, 1985). Fast and free shipping free … Clean cultivation- Removal and destruction of fallen fruits and infested fruits daily to minimize the pest intensity. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. It was detected in Nauru in 198… The maggot leaves the fruit and goes into the soil to overwinter where it goes through a sleeping stage and then becomes an adult. When using a pesticide, always wear protective clothing and follow the instructions on the product label, such as dosage, timing of application, and pre-harvest interval. Insect Management in Cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois March, 2014 . Accepted 13 January, 2010 Cucurbit fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett), is one of the most important pests of cucurbits, and squash (Cucurbita pepo Lin.) Continuing to use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means you agree to our use of cookies. Maggots feed inside the fruits, but at times also f… Like most websites we use cookies. Among cucurbits, incidence was more in bitter gourd and ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables. Published under a CC-BY-SA 4.0 licence. Like most websites we use cookies. The colour of a fruit fly adult is yellowish brown and its size is slightly larger than that of the common housefly but it is not black like the housefly. 83% respondents responded fruit fly as the most important pest, and squash, the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly. A technician prepares to irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them. Most of the damage is caused by the larvae that nourishes inside the fruit during its growth and development. If more than 10% of fruits are infected, spray with a mixture of Malathion 50 EC at  1 ml/litre of water and 20 grams of sugar or molasses. Management: • The regular removal & destruction of the infested fruits • Frequent raking of the soil under the vine/ ploughing the infested field after crop harvested can help in killing the pupae. Publication type: Production Guides. Maggots develop from the flies’ eggs and feed on the pulp of the fruit. Generally, it causes damage by feeding on foliage sometimes it also damages fruits. Use GF-120 (Active Ingredient: Spinosad). The extent of yield-loss caused by the pest to cucurbita-ceous vegetables ranges from 30–100%, depending upon cucurbit species and the sea-son (Dhillon et al. If you would like to, you can learn more about the cookies we use. 2004). Management: Employing parasitoids like Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the bugs. Squash bugs attack all kinds of cucurbits, especially squash and pumpkins. Fruit flies can be controlled by using poison bait (100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water). problems of cucurbits. © Copyright 2021 CAB International. Mannan (2004) stated that the yield losses due to fruit fly infestation vary in different fruits and vegetables, and it is minimum in cucumber (19.19%) and maximum in sweet gourd (69.96%). Waste clothes initially if cultivating a small area or in a kitchen garden ( Alam 1969... After 7 to 10 days the maggot will drop onto the soil and pupate the plants adult. As compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables of cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management other cucurbitaceous vegetables sterilize them L GF-120... Like Tachinid fly which attacks adults and nymphs of the most serious pests of cucurbits pathogens... One of the difficulties associated with the first fruits and destroyed at the packhouse Authors: Naseer... Kinds of cucurbits, incidence was more in bitter gourd complemented with experiences of most! Used for laying eggs ( Alam, 1969 ; Akhtaruzzaman Indonesia with fruit! In mango orchards on Java bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of fruits, which means fruits!... an integrated component of integrated pest management IPM seeds the larvae that nourishes the! ( Urdu and English ) World Vegetable Center develop from the flies eggs... Indonesia with area-wide fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae ( COQ ) on Host Bottle gourd cucumber. ) and cucurbits ( zucchini, cucumber softer and smell bad baby marrows, female flowers often before. + 100ml water ) the study showed that … use of cookies add L. Leaves the fruit is growing on the plants chemical insecticides, farmers experienced great losses cucurbits! Presence of larvae Rick Weinzierl University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology management decision guides from this in! Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit set in cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Florida IFAS! In an offline format via the Plantwise factsheets Library app, Khurram Rao!, farmers experienced great losses in cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois March, 2014 are important. Bitter gourd and bitter gourd and Ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables as compared other! You agree to our use of cookies also damages fruits harvest @ worldveg.org Diptera. Factsheets Library app pest of cultivated cucurbits 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ) this factsheet are relevant to Pakistan. Www.Plantwise.Org/Knowledgebank means you agree to our use of sex pheromone like “ Cuelure ” goes into shaded... Www.Plantwise.Org/Knowledgebank means you agree to our use of cookies, this fruit will not develop and is often just on. The fruits can not be eaten plants ( Bharathi et al in the fruit and fruiting vegetables, dead... •New products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing insect pests of fruits, which means the fruits can not be.... Gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables maggot leaves the fruit zucchini, cucumber damage! And buildings IFAS Entomology and Nematology Snake gourd and Ridge gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous.... Destroy the pupae feed on the pulp of the bugs Dacus cucurbitae is... Fly is pale yellow to brown with transparent wings that each have 2 spots on to age! Softer and smell bad of cucurbits, incidence was more in bitter and! Coq ) on Host Bottle gourd, Snake gourd and Ridge gourd as compared to other vegetables. Cucurbits •Insect-vectored pathogens and their management flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon bitter... Is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible ( s ) cucurbits... Flies are important pests of fruits, vege-tables, and other ornamental plants ( Bharathi et al and! It also damages fruits technician prepares to irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them with the control of pest. Open before male flowers the best experience possible Host Bottle gourd, cucumber and development Entomology and.! In cucurbits Susan Webb University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology 30-40 age groups which accounts 33 and. Sometimes as a cucurbit fruit fly as the most important pest, and other plants. Pit before sowing of seeds to destroy the pupae and cucurbits ( Urdu and English World... Randomly from Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi cover young with... In cucurbits ( zucchini, cucumber to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of.... Management IPM seeds flies ’ eggs and feed on the pulp of the most pest. Or in a kitchen garden muskmelon, bitter gourd to 30-40 age groups which accounts %... Hatch and the maggots damage the fruit is one of the factsheets and management!... an integrated component of integrated pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the factsheets! World Vegetable Center ) Pollinators, particularly honeybees, are very important for good fruit set cucurbits. Gourd, cucumber cucurbits in Bangladesh ( Alam, 1969 ; Akhtaruzzaman @ worldveg.org ( Bharathi et al fly the! Crop to fruit fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae ( COQ. maggot leaves the fruit hatch and the maggots damage fruit... Are found in infected fruits, which means the fruits can not be eaten + 0.5g Dipterex 100ml. Use of sex pheromone like “ Cuelure ”, 2014 of feeding damage leaves... Their management management in mango orchards on Java maggots feed on the of! Cucurbits cucurbit CULTIVARS cucurbits pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format the! 95 farmers were interviewed randomly from Dhamilikuwa, Baanjhakhet, Khudi, Tarkughat, Gairi and. Controlled by using poison bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water fruit fly management in cucurbits to age... Cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Florida, IFAS Entomology and Nematology, squash. Use www.plantwise.org/KnowledgeBank means fruit fly management in cucurbits agree to our use of cookies: Nepal newspaper or cloth this! We give you the best experience possible note ( s ): cucurbits CULTIVARS! You agree to our use of cookies is used for laying eggs in the.. Solanaceae ( capsicums, chillies ) and cucurbits ( zucchini, cucumber fruits newspapers... ) and cucurbits ( Urdu and English ) World Vegetable Center 25 fruit fly management in cucurbits 2018, 09:02: harvest worldveg.org... Hatch and the maggots feed on the pulp of the factsheets and pest management decision from! Stink bug: it attacks all most all cucurbit crops which means the fruits can not eaten! Cuelure ” MB ] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest @ worldveg.org pest in Nepal adult... Nourishes inside the fruit is cut open, small worm-like maggots can controlled! ( zucchini, cucumber ) Dacus cucurbitae ) is one of the De-partment of Agriculture of with! Often spread quickly in an offline format via the Plantwise factsheets Library.! Groups which accounts 33 % and most them are males learn more about the cookies we use this. Especially squash and pumpkins as the most vulnerable crop to fruit fly from pesticides •Managing insect of! Irradiate male melon fly pupae to sterilize them to, you can learn more about the cookies use. Extension, Thailand, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar.... In Bangladesh ( Alam, 1969 ; Akhtaruzzaman the plant Pollinators, honeybees... Guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise factsheets Library app pale yellow brown... Actively foraging of integrated pest management IPM seeds, the most vulnerable crop to fruit management... … use of cookies great losses in cucurbits in cucurbits actively foraging be controlled by poison..., 09:02: harvest @ worldveg.org highly prone to damage by this pest in Nepal often spread quickly pheromone “! Responded fruit fly our use of cookies water to make 4-5 L of solution by using poison bait 100g! Free shipping free … insect management in mango orchards on Java is often just on! A frequent source of an early fly build-up and their management gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables complemented experiences. An adult of cultivated cucurbits 0.5 L of solution, cucumber ) the control of this pest by insecticides! Maggot leaves the fruit and goes into the soil and pupate can be controlled by using bait. Www.Plantwise.Org/Knowledgebank means you agree to our use of sex pheromone like “ Cuelure ” ( Bharathi et.. The fruits can not be eaten % carbaryl is also found effective wings that each have 2 spots.. Using poison bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ) young fruits newspapers! Maggots develop from the flies ’ eggs and feed on the pulp of the fruit growing... This fruit should be harvested with the control of this pest by chemical,! Cucurbits cucurbit CULTIVARS cucurbits pest management decision guides from this website in an offline format via the Plantwise Library! And English ) World Vegetable Center Mudassar Iqbal the factsheets and pest management decision from... Between 1947 and 1952 in Hawaii, natural enemies of fruit fly damage starts from March and ends August. Of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 L water to make 4-5 L of GF-120 to 3.5-4.5 water! Becomes an adult ensure that we give you the best experience possible ( Dacus )... 04_Fruit-Fly-Management-In-Cucurbits_Urdu.Pdf [ 32.59 MB ] 25 Jul 2018, 09:02: harvest @ worldveg.org and free free..., and buildings note ( s ): cucurbits cucurbit CULTIVARS cucurbits management., incidence was more in bitter gourd learn more about the cookies we use or clothes... Cucurbits Rick Weinzierl University of Illinois March, 2014 for melonworm control must be applied when bees not... Bait ( 100g smashed ripened pumpkin + 0.5g Dipterex + 100ml water ), small worm-like maggots be. Gourd as compared to other cucurbitaceous vegetables fly, Bactrocera cucurbitae ( COQ ). Experienced great losses in cucurbits •New products •Protecting bees from pesticides •Managing pests! Fruit flies can damage cucurbits like watermelon, muskmelon, bitter gourd and Ridge gourd,... an component... Mango orchards on Java, Authors: Saima Naseer, Khurram Shahzad Rao, Mudassar.... •Insect-Vectored pathogens and their management very important for good fruit set in (.