When Erasmus was compiling his text, he had access to only one manuscript of Revelation, and it lacked the last six verses, so he took the Latin Vulgate and back-translated from Latin to Greek. He wrote, This received text contains undoubtedly all the essential facts and doctrines intended to be set down by the inspired writers; for if it were corrected with the severest hand, by the light of the most divergent various readings found in any ancient MS. or version, not a single doctrine of Christianity, nor a single cardinal fact would be thereby expunged....If all the debated readings were surrendered by us, no fact or doctrine of Christianity would thereby be invalidated, and least of all would the doctrine of Christ's proper divinity be deprived of adequate scriptural support. — this and no other consideration is proper in deciding which Greek text is superior. Canon and Text of the New Testament (Edinburgh: T. & T. Clark, 1907), p. 527. Rather, it is better to evaluate all variants in the text of the Greek New Testament on a reading by reading basis, that is, in those places where there are divergences in the manuscripts and between printed texts, the evidence for and against each reading should be thoroughly and carefully examined and weighed, and the arguments of the various schools of thought considered, and only then a judgment made. Dismissing the Textus Receptus as an inferior text rife with errors, Westcott and Hort compiled a new Greek text, with special focus on two fourth-century manuscripts, the Codex Vaticanus and the Codex Sinaiticus. Likewise, it is important to recognize that the English Revised New Testament which came out in 1881 was not directly based on the text of Westcott and Hort, although in many particulars they are the same. “Do you know how many changes they made? The King James Bible translation is based on the Greek text found in the Textus Receptus. Returning to the specific texts, Westcott-Hort vs. the textus receptus: in truth, both texts necessarily fall short of presenting the true original. For many advocates of the majority text view, a peculiar form of the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture undergirds the entire approach. However, since modern printed Greek texts are in the same respective families of text, namely the Alexandrian (Nestle, et al.) For our uses, Byzantine, Textus Recep-tus and the Majority Text will be treated as equivalent, and simply called Textus Receptus, while Westcott-Hort, UBS, and Nestle-Aland will Of these 5,604 alterations, I found 1,952 to be … Davor war er der Text der griechischen Gemeinde und der frühen Gemeinde gewesen. From the early versions, the critical texts have strong support in the various Coptic versions of the third and later centuries, plus frequent support in the Old Latin versions and the oldest forms of the Syriac, in particular the Sinaitic and Curetonian manuscripts whose text form dates to the second or third century (though there are also strong Western elements in the Old Latin and the early Syriac).8 Jerome’s revision of the Old Latin, the Vulgate made before 400 A.D., also gives frequent support to the Alexandrian text. 24. Their premise is that the doctrine of the preservation of Scripture requires that the early manuscripts cannot point to the original text better than the later manuscripts can, because these early manuscripts are in the minority.Pickering also seems to embrace such a doctrine. Can you discuss the article, instead of just linking to a David Cloud article which criticizes James White and says the new editions of the NT are evil? 19. In this connection, it is worth noting that the translators of the King James Version did not follow exclusively any single printed edition of the New Testament in Greek. Westcott and Hort Vs. Textus Receptus: Which Is Superior (Englisch) Gebundene Ausgabe 4,4 von 5 Sternen 6 Sternebewertungen. His writings have appeared in numerous publications. It is probably the single most famous of the so-called critical texts, perhaps because of the scholarly eminence of its editors, perhaps because it was issued the same year as the English Revised Version which followed a text rather like the Westcott-Hort text. (7) When the majority text was being compiled by Hodges and Farstad, their collaborator Pickering estimated that their resultant text would differ from the textus receptus in over 1,000 places (8); in fact, the differences amounted to 1,838. When I introduce New Testament transmission history and textual criticism, it is amazing to me that there will always be one student who approaches me afterwards with questions about the majority text and/or Westcott and Hort. The Greek text underlying the English Authorized Version of 1611 (London: Trinitarian Bible Society, 1980), "preface.". Westcott and Hort Vs. Textus Receptus: Which Is Superior: Douglas Kutilek: 9780944788455: Books - Amazon.ca Why? 3. Caspar Rene Gregory states that in the Epistle to the Hebrews, when the texts of Tregelles, Tischendorf and Westcott-Hort are compared, Tregelles stands alone in only ten very minor matters, Westcott-Hort in seven, and Tischendorf only four. The New Testament in the Original Greek (Cambridge: Macmillan and Co., 1881), vol. The Westcott and Hort text is much simpler to define. For other articles by Douglas Kutilek, visit  kjvonly.org. Even advocates and defenders of the supremacy of the Byzantine over the Alexandrian text agree in this assessment. Kurt Aland, et al., editors, The Greek New Testament (London: United Bible Societies, 1966), preface, p. 5. Hence the interests of orthodoxy are entirely secure from and above the reach of all movements of modern criticism of the text whether made in a correct or incorrect method, and all such discussions in future are to the church of subordinate importance. For ease of discussion we’re grouping var-ious families of texts, which although not en-tirely accurate, proves sufficient for our pur-poses. For our purposes here, the term textus receptus means the 1550 edition of the Greek New Testament published by Robertus Stephanus. John Bunyan. The only English Bible translation currently in print that the writer is aware of which is based on the Westcott-Hort text is the New World Translation of the Jehovah's Witnesses. be this my shame, That I no more revere His name. The edition most closely followed by them was Beza's edition of 1598, but they departed from this edition for the reading in some other published Greek text at least 170 times, and in at least 60 places, the KJV translators abandoned all then-existing printed editions of the Greek New Testament, choosing instead to follow precisely the reading in the Latin Vulgate version. All known Greek manuscripts here read "tree of life" instead of "book of life" as in the textus receptus. Neither Erasmus nor Westcott and Hort (nor, need we say, any other text editor or group of editors) is omniscient or perfect in reasoning and judgment. Most notable among the many editors of Greek New Testaments in this period were Erasmus (5 editions: 1516, 1519, 1522, 1527, 1535), Robert Estienne a.k.a. However, in the rather voluminous popular literature on this issue, some writers have argued that one text or another is superior because it is perceived to contain more proof-texts of the Trinity, the Deity of Christ, or some other doctrine. See the apparatus of Hodges & Farstad. The most notable version support for the Byzantine text is in the Peshitta Syriac and the fourth century Gothic version. Though these three examples give added proof-texts for orthodox doctrines, these readings are universally rejected as not being the original reading of the Greek in these verses. (22). editions differ widely among themselves — the Complutensian text — the first printed Greek New Testament — differing from the first Elzevir edition in 2,777 places, by Scrivener's count (A Plain Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament, first edition, p. 293), and in more than 2,300 from Stephanus' 1550 edition (p. 300); Stephanus' 1550 edition in turn differs from the Elzevir 1633 edition (these two have long been considered the standard textus receptus editions) in 286 places (p.304). Baptist theologian J. L. Dagg has well-stated the theological limits of the manuscript variations in the New Testament, Although the Scriptures were originally penned under the unerring guidance of the Holy Spirit, it does not follow, that a continued miracle has been wrought to preserve them from all error in transcribing. We shall choose neither the Westcott-Hort text (or its modern kinsmen) nor the textus receptus (or the majority text) as our standard text, our text of last appeal. It is also called the ‘Westcott and Hort text’. read with Erasmus shows that their texts were more or less slavish reprints of Erasmus' text and not independently compiled editions, for had they been edited independently of Erasmus, they would surely have followed the Greek manuscripts here and read "tree of life." Read reviews from world’s largest community for readers. Doug Kutilek, Erasmus, His Greek Text, and His Theology (Hatfield, Penn. The only English Bible translation currently in print that the writer is aware of which is based on the Westcott-Hort text is the New World Translation of the Jehovah’s Witnesses.5, In a very real sense, the question of which is superior, Westcott and Hort, or the textus receptus, is passé, since neither is recognized by experts in the field as the standard text. On the other hand, the Byzantine manuscripts, though very numerous, did not become the “majority” text until the ninth century, and though outnumbering Alexandrian manuscripts by more than 10:1, are also for the far greater part considerably younger than them, most being 1,000 years and more removed from the originals. And fleeing to the position, "I'll just stick to the textus receptus," doesn't settle the matter, since the various t.r. One of these readings is the famous I John 5:7. The most recent is the Syrian, or Byzantine text-type (eastern), of which the newest example is the Textus Receptus and thus from the critical text view is less likely reliable. "Some things are of that nature as to make one's fancy chuckle, while his heart doth ache." Revelation 16:5 and the Triadic Declaration - A defense of the reading of “shalt be” in the Aut One such writer was 19th century American Southern Presbyterian theologian Robert L. Dabney. Second edition), pp.247-256. 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