There are approximately thirty recognized color forms, of which variations of white, brindle, fawn, black, red and blue (gray) can appear uniquely or in combination. It is a characteristic of the show bloodlines, but the gene was isolated two years ago and the test is available in many veterinary clinics in Europe. ", According to Pokorny[64] the English name "Greyhound" does not mean "grey dog/hound", but simply "fair dog". Greyhound Dog Breed History, Characteristics & Basic Facts. All modern pedigree Greyhounds derive from the Greyhound stock recorded and registered first in private studbooks in the 18th century, then in public studbooks in the 19th century, which ultimately were registered with coursing, racing, and kennel club authorities of the United Kingdom. The earliest recordings of the Greyhound can be dated back over 4000 years to the time of the ancient Egyptians. [9] Greyhounds are dolichocephalic, with a skull which is relatively long in comparison to its breadth, and an elongated muzzle. [43], Greyhounds are very sensitive to insecticides. [31] Australia also has a significant racing culture. This breed has won the admiration of many different cultures, and greyhounds are the only dog breed to be mentioned in the Bible. "DOMESTIC ANIMALS ACT 1994 – SECT 27 Restraint of greyhounds", "Greyt Books on Greyhounds and Greyhound Adoption |", "The Greyhound Breeding and Racing Database", "Tribute to Chief Havoc -- Australian Greyhound Racing Association", "GREY2K USA: Greyhound Racing in Australia", "As Dog Racetracks Close, Where Do All the Greyhounds Go? They were among the first dogs to be recorded in American dog shows and Greyhounds can be found in the second edition of the AKC Stud Book in 1885. [10] They are very loving, and enjoy the company of their humans and other dogs. Systematic archaeozoology of the British Isles, 1974 [58] ruled out the existence of a true greyhound-type in Britain prior to the Roman occupation, confirmed in 2000. Historically, the Greyhound has, since its first appearance as a hunting type and breed, enjoyed a specific degree of fame and definition in Western literature, heraldry and art as the most elegant or noble companion and hunter of the canine world. Greyhound racing became very popular with the working classes in America and Britian. History: Greyhounds are one of the oldest breeds of dogs, tracing back over 8,000 years to early cave drawings and ancient Egyptian artifacts. The slender, long-legged sighthound hunts by spotting the movement of a prey animal across a vast distance, then running the animal down with lightning speed. In modern times, the professional racing industry, with its large numbers of track-bred greyhounds, as well as international adoption programs aimed at re-homing dogs has redefined the breed as a sporting dog that will supply friendly companionship in its retirement. For interesting reading on the history of greyhounds: “The Reign of the Greyhound” by Cynthia Branigan. [11], Greyhounds live most happily as pets in quiet environments. Study Finds the Genetic Code, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Greyhound&oldid=999035762, Dog breeds originating in the United Kingdom, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 8 January 2021, at 05:06. [2][3], It is a gentle and intelligent breed whose combination of long, powerful legs, deep chest, flexible spine and slim build allows it to reach average race speeds exceeding 64 kilometres per hour (40 mph). Since the early 1990’s when greyhounds first became widely available for adoption, many thousands of greyhounds have been adopted as pets after their racing days are over. Share Greyhounds cannot metabolize barbiturate-based anesthesia in the same way that other breeds can because their livers have lower amounts of oxidative enzymes. The origin of the name “greyhound” is lost in antiquity, but it almost certainly does not refer to the color of the dog. So, this breed has a very long history. Greyhound racing is an organized, competitive sport in which greyhounds are raced around a track. Greyhound owners consider Greyhounds wonderful pets. Track Racing Around 1912, Owen Patrick Smith invented the mechanical lure. The first records of greyhound type dogs appear about 8,000 years ago. Greyhounds were among the first at American dog shows, and they have an entry of 18 listed in the first Westminster Kennel Club catalog in 1877. Many leading 300- to 550-yard sprinters have bloodlines traceable back through Irish sires, within a few generations of racers that won events such as the Irish Coursing Derby or the Irish Cup. [32][33][34], In the United States, aside from professional racing, many Greyhounds enjoy success on the amateur race track. The ancient skeletal remains of a dog identified as being of the greyhound/saluki form was excavated at Tell Brak in modern Syria, and dated to approximately 4,000 years before present. [59] Written evidence of the historic time, the Vindolanda tablets (No 594), from the early period of Roman occupation demonstrates that the occupying troops from Continental Europe either had with them in the North of England, or certainly knew of the vertragus and its hunting use.[60]. Most greyhounds have long tails. Greyhounds are the only breed of dog specifically mentioned in the Bible. Livinggood, Lee (2000). Males are usually 71 to 76 centimetres (28 to 30 in) tall at the withers, and weigh on average 27 to 40 kilograms (60 to 88 lb). Modern Greyhounds are often seen as racing dogs, a sport that became popular in the 19th Century. and we know that during this time, carvings or drawings represented something of value. [52], The ancient skeletal remains of a dog identified as being of the greyhound/saluki form was excavated at Tell Brak in modern Syria, and dated to approximately 4,000 years before present. This has been prevalent in recent years due to track closures in the United States. Greyhounds stand tall and can be nearer to your hip than your knee. Females tend to be smaller, with shoulder heights ranging from 66 to 71 centimetres (26 to 28 in) and weights from 25 to 34 kilograms (55 to 75 lb), although weights can be above and below these average weights. Greyhounds will typically chase small animals; those lacking a high 'prey drive' will be able to coexist happily with toy dog breeds and cats. He opened the first greyhound track (circular in shape) in Emeryville, California. Some Greyhounds have been known to develop esophageal achalasia, gastric dilatation volvulus (also known as bloat), and osteosarcoma. Only the cheetah is faster. [17] As per most breeds being rehomed greyhounds that are adopted after racing tend to need time to adjust to their new lives with a human family. It is also referred to as an English Greyhound. But, we do understand, however, that some new owners might be interested in their dogs racing past. Since red blood cells carry oxygen to the muscles, this higher level allows the hound to move larger quantities of oxygen faster from the lungs to the muscles. [4][5][6] The Greyhound can reach a full speed of 70 kilometres per hour (43 mph) within 30 metres (98 ft), or six strides from the boxes, traveling at almost 20 metres per second (66 ft/s) for the first 250 metres (820 ft) of a race.[7][8]. ", "Summary results of the Purebred Dog Health Survey for Greyhounds", "Longevity and mortality of owned dogs in England", "Making Sense of Blood Work in Greyhounds", Collie or Pug? Six years later he owned 25 tracks around the nation, including ones in Florida, Montana, and Oregon. (No.584, pp19 & 121), A group of greyhounds is called a "leash," or sometimes a "brace. History. When running, greyhounds spend 75% of their time in the air. In ancient Egypt, greyhounds were revered as gods, and only royalty were allowed to own them. Its likeness appears on an Egyptian tomb dating from about 3000 bce. The Whippet (also English Whippet or Snap Dog) is a dog breed of medium size. In fact, the breed has been called the "40 mph couch potato." They are a sighthound breed that originated in England, where they descended from Greyhounds.Whippets today still strongly resemble a smaller Greyhound. California was the first state to introduce an oval greyhound track in May 1920, it was the first mechanical lure oval circuit in the world. Recent investigations into the canine genome and mitochondrial DNA have revealed that the Greyhound breed probably isn’t of north African/Saharan orgin, as had long been romanticized. Greyhound was especially enmeshed in the fabric of American life during a crucial period in the nation’s history: World War II. They can reach speeds in excess of 40 MPH for short distances. The graves remain to this day. [42] Greyhounds demonstrate unusual blood chemistry [1], which can be misread by veterinarians not familiar with the breed and can result in an incorrect diagnosis. And in the 1900’s, an artificial lure and an oval track led to the first formal greyhound wagering, the forerunner of our greyhound racetracks. So far back, no one really knows when they first appeared. Greyhounds are the oldest purebred dog, dating to the time of the Pharaohs. In ancient Egypt, greyhounds were revered as gods, and only royalty were allowed to own them. Every greyhound alive today can trace its lineage back to one dog, King Cob, whelped in England in 1839. For other uses, see. [46] Conversely, Greyhounds have lower levels of platelets than other breeds. Many guides and books have been published to aid Greyhound owners in helping their pet get comfortable in their new home. Greyhounds are typically a healthy and long-lived breed, and hereditary illness is rare. And you can trace your greyhounds history. The Greyhound belongs to a family of hunting dogs called sighthounds. The Greyhound reaches back over 6,000 years in history. Harcourt, R.A., 1974. A greyt book all about your greyhound’s past is The Reign of the Greyhound — A Popular History of the Oldest Family of Dogs, by Cynthia Branigan. The greyhound is a friendly pack-oriented breed and will readily adopt a family as his own. Greyhound History & Interesting Facts. [53][54], While similar in appearance to Saluki or Sloughi, DNA sequencing indicates that the greyhound is more closely related to herding dogs. airorg Animal Intervention and Rescue, Inc. history of the Greyhound dogs puppies adopt don't shop spay & neuter Greyhounds arrived in America most likely by Spanish explorers as far back as the 1500s. By the ninth century, the breed could be found throughout Europe, and Spanish explorers brought them to the Americas in the 1500s. They are a descendent of the Egyptian Pharaoh Hound which is often seen in Egyptian art and hieroglyphics. [16] Greyhounds can live comfortably as apartment dogs, as they do not require much space and sleep almost 18 hours per day. Madden, Raymond (2010) 'Imagining the greyhound: 'Racing' and 'rescue' narratives in a human and dog relationship'. In the 14th Century in Chaucer’s “Canterbury Tales”, the greyhound was the first breed of dog that Chaucer wrote about. Interestingly, it can be traced to almost every country in the world. This is usually not the case with retired racing Greyhounds. Greyhounds became the first European dog in the New World when they accompanied Christopher Columbus on his second expedition, which set sail from Spain in September 1493. In 1923 the Miami Kennel Club in Hialeah, FL became the first greyhound race track to use this system. Greyhounds go way back. [40][41], Due to the Greyhound's unique physiology and anatomy, a veterinarian who understands the issues relevant to the breed is generally needed when the dogs need treatment, particularly when anesthesia is required. Because the Greyhound's lean physique makes it ill-suited to sleeping on hard surfaces, owners of both racing and companion Greyhounds generally provide soft bedding; without bedding, Greyhounds are prone to develop painful skin sores. Most greyhounds available for adoption throughout the United States and Canada were raised or raced in Florida. Alexander the Great’s favorite dog was a greyhound. [13] Greyhounds have a sensitive nature, and gentle commands work best as training methods. The greyhound is a large dog that has a long, sleek body with a narrow head. Throughout history, greyhounds have been prized and revered. To the naked eye, the body looks extremely thin as the breed of dog has no second coat; only one thin coat is on this breed of dog. Shakespeare mentions greyhounds in Henry V. Frederick the Great of Prussia asked in his will to be buried with his beloved greyhounds. However, the Douay–Rheims Bible translation from the late 4th-century Latin Vulgate into English translates this term as "a cock. The only official genetic problem today, for which we have a test, is the Greyhound Neuropathy. Dogged persistence: the phenomenon of canine skeletal uniformity in British prehistory. Greyhound ancestry stretches back to ancient Egypt, where these hounds were used to find, chase, and catch wildlife in the desert. Moreover, the nobles became so enamored of their phenomenal hunting dogs that it was a capital offense to kill a greyhound. The lighter colors, patch-like markings and white appeared in the breed that was once ordinarily grey in color. A dog and a donkey excavated at Tell Brak. "[65], This article is about the breed of dog. [63] However, some newer biblical translations, including The New International Version, have changed this to strutting rooster, which appears to be an alternative translation of the Hebrew term mothen zarzir. [25] In some jurisdictions, it is illegal for Greyhounds to be allowed off-leash[26] even in off-leash dog parks. The original ancestors of the Greyhound are believed to come from the Celts in Eastern Europe. Before long, commoners were forbidden from owning these dogs, and it was only the noble who had permission from the king to own and breed greyhounds. In fact, Greek historians during the years 100 A.D. used to write about how Greyhounds were proudly owned by true sportsmen, whom would race their dogs with hares, while most other dogs were used to hunt them. [12] They do well in families with children, as long as the children are taught to treat the dog properly with politeness and appropriate respect. The Greyhound, though, is a unique sighthound developed more for track racing than for hunting. ", In 1928, the first winner of Best in Show at Crufts was breeder/owner Mr. H. Whitley's Greyhound Primley Sceptre. Independent and almost cat-like, the Greyhound will quickly become a beloved member of the household. Greyhound Adoption Program – Is a Greyhound Right for You? [49], The key to the speed of a Greyhound can be found in its light but muscular build, large heart, highest percentage of fast twitch muscle of any breed,[50][51] double suspension gallop, and extreme flexibility of its spine. They were likely not the legendary dogs of the Pharaohs. [27], The original primary use of Greyhounds, both in the British Isles and on the Continent of Europe, was in the coursing of deer for meat and sport; later, specifically in Britain, they specialized in competition hare coursing. Greyhounds have a long history which some have claimed dates back to Ancient Egyptian times. "Thoroughbreds and Greyhounds: Biochemical Adaptations in Creatures of Nature and of Man", Snow, D.H. "The horse and dog, elite athletes – why and how?". Greyhound, also spelled grayhound, fastest of dogs, one of the oldest of breeds, and long symbolic of the aristocracy. The first recognized commercial greyhound racetrack in the United States was built in Emeryville, Calif., in 1919 by Owen Patrick Smith and the Blue Star Amusement Company.

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