At last, detachments of Bate’s and Walthall’s skirmishers drove out the sharpshooters and set fire to Cole’s home and outbuildings.      Half a mile away was the only bridge crossing Mill Creek, a deep stream that wound north and west of the village. Hoke’s command took heavy casualties while assaulting Morgan’s front, without shifting the Union division. Hoke's division under Bragg's command deployed on the Confederate left facing west, while Stewart's army deployed on the Confederate right facing south. Sherman was still convinced that the Confederates were going to retreat anyway. Earlier, Bloomfield’s regiment had gingerly probed the Confederate line, finding that the enemy had gone. The gap between the two forces was plugged with Hart’s and Earle’s batteries, two horse artillery units attached to Hampton’s command. On April 26, Johnston surrendered his army, along with all Confederate forces in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. Slocum commanded the left wing of the army; the right was led by Maj. Gen. Oliver O. Howard. Dividing his forces into two wings allowed damage and destruction to a wider swath of Confederate territory. Now fully aware of the danger, Slocum sent Major Joseph Foraker with a message explaining that he was confronted by Johnston’s entire army and asking Sherman to send reinforcements. Three weeks later, Anderson was awarded the Medal of Honor and promoted to captain. Handfuls of men lingered and fired occasional shots to cover the withdrawal as rain deluged blue and gray alike. Title Battle of Bentonville, March 19, 1865. On some days, progress was possible only after building four or five miles of corduroy roads—pine saplings and fence rails split in two and laid across the mud to make roadways. The commander assured Slocum, “All of the right wing will move at moonrise toward Bentonville. Rushing to capture the bridge were Lt. Col. Ira Bloomfield and the 26th Illinois. Periodically, the Union troops halted when confronted by small ambushes or occasional cannon fire. Confederate casualties at Bentonville were officially reckoned as 239 dead, 1,694 wounded, and 673 missing, for a total of 2,606. His old adversary in the Georgia campaign, Joseph E. Johnston, had been given the task of organizing a last stand in North Carolina. Across the battlefield as the firing ceased, the Confederates buried their dead and withdrew to the positions they had held in the morning. Johnston’s men, expecting orders to withdraw at any minute, got little sleep during the wet, chilly night. 2. Sherman had nearly 60,000 troops on hand; thousands more were only 20 miles away at Goldsboro. “There is nothing there but Dibrell’s cavalry. Bloomfield’s horse was shot dead under him. BG William B. Taliaferro, Butler's Division The Union order of battle is shown separately. Times when the very landscape appears to shift. Soldiers struggled to push or pull wagons and guns through the deepening mud. A short distance from Hoke’s right began the Army of Tennessee, under Stewart, extending in a roughly perpendicular direction. Sherman’s army moved in two wings, each numbering about 30,000 men. Alfred Terry and John Schofield, who were advancing from New Bern and Wilmington. Johnston surrendered to Sherman on April 26th near Durham Station, North Carolina. Sherman was closing in on Goldsboro, an important railroad junction in eastern North Carolina. The 22,000-man army that Johnston commanded looked much more impressive on paper. The following Confederate States Army units[1] and commanders fought in the Battle of Bentonville of the American Civil War. Sherman’s cavalry had reached North Carolina on March 3, and his infantry entered the Old North State from South Carolina five days later. After entering south-central North Carolina, Sherman’s cavalry commander, Brig.         As the Confederate commander readied his last roll of the dice, Morgan’s men were bolstering their entrenchments, and elements of the XX Corps were joining them. Bentonville Battlefield: General Information. This he did. Henry W. Slocum and Jefferson C. Davis. Jump to navigation Jump to search. Harper, 1st-2nd Arkansas Mounted Rifles (dismounted): Ltc Morton G. Galloway, Nutt’s Louisiana Cavalry Company (Dismounted), 4th Florida Infantry-1st Florida Cavalry (dismounted), 61st North Carolina: Ltc Edward Beatty Mallett (, 3rd Regiment, North Carolina Artillery (6 companies), 2nd Regiment-1st Battalion North Carolina Artillery, Adams's Battery (Company D, 13th Battalion, North Carolina Light Artillery), 1st North Carolina Junior Reserves: Col Charles W. Broadfoot, 20th North Carolina Battalion, Junior Reserves, 13th Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery (3 companies), Company B (Atkins' Battery): Cpt George Atkins, 3rd Battalion North Carolina Light Artillery (3 companies), 50th North Carolina: Col George W. Wortham, 77th North Carolina (7th Senior Reserves), 10th North Carolina Battalion, Heavy Artillery, H. M. Stuart's Battery (Beaufort Light Artillery), Earle's South Carolina Battery: Cpt William E. Earle, Hart's (Halsey's) South Carolina Battery: Cpt Edwin L. Halsey, Shaw's Tennessee Battalion (includes Allison’s Tennessee Squadron), This page was last edited on 2 September 2019, at 02:01. Major General Daniel Harvey Hill had gained national fame with the June 1861 Battle of Big Bethel, the South’s first land victory after Fort Sumter. Sherman claimed a figure of more than 1,600 Confederate prisoners taken. March 20 was a day of continued but subdued fighting. Hardee held up Slocum for two days before breaking off battle. All claimed to be Union captives who became “Galvanized Yankees,” getting out of POW camps by joining the Confederates. They plowed ahead, driving Hampton’s skirmishers from a line of lightly held works. Gen. George Dibrell’s small cavalry division. Sherman, who had been with the left wing, conferred with Slocum and Davis about 6 am, before heading out to join Howard and the right wing. Each delay was in itself a minor victory, as it allowed Johnston’s scattered units to plod a little closer to their rendezvous. Bentonville Confederate order of battle. Hampton headed Johnston’s cavalry, with the able assistance of “Fighting Joe” Wheeler. BG Roswell S. Ripley, Hoke's Division The western armies seemed unstoppable, as Maj. Gen. William T. Sherman presented Savannah, Georgia to Lincoln as a Christmas offering. Gen. Benjamin Fearing, they charged and managed to stall Hardee’s advance for a time. On March 18, the XIV and XX Corps marched along a muddy road under alternating spells of rain and bursts of bright sunshine. Nearby, the North Carolina Railroad allowed the transfer of troops and supplies from Raleigh, Greensboro, and Charlotte. Gen. John D. Kennedy of McLaws’ division found “the smoke was so thick that it was impossible to see ten yards ahead, hence I could form no idea of the force of the enemy in my front.”. Six miles west of Smithfield at Elevation (a community named for its hilly environs) were Hardee and his two divisions. On that day, near Smithfield, Johnston sent a fatalistic telegram to Robert E. Lee: “Sherman’s course cannot be hindered by the small force I have. The Union foragers quickly splashed back across the swamp they had just ridden out of. Battle of Bentonville - Overview Stanley, Steven. Bloomfield’s men rushed to Mill Creek to prevent the burning of the bridge. As far as I could see to the right and the left the dirt from thousands of shovels was flying in the air.” General Joseph E. Johnston had managed to arrange quite a surprise for Sherman near the village of Bentonville. Early in 1864 it joined the Army of Tennessee, still serving under General Cantey, and was active in the Atlanta Campaign, Hood's expedition into Tennessee, and the Battle of Bentonville. With the Confederates dug in at the edges of the fields, they could lure the Federals in and decimate them from the protection of their earthworks. Also assigned to Johnston were any miscellaneous contingents that could be spared. Davis expressed his growing concern; it seemed to be much more intense than the usual light harassment sometimes directed at the foragers at the start of their morning routine. So far as they knew, it was only a minor outpost of Brig. However, he did not have adequate reserves to follow up on his early success. BG Evander M. Law, Allen's Division Stewart’s men, funneled through a single road, were still filing into place well after daybreak. With Sherman now in North Carolina, time was in short supply. He raised his weapon in such haste that he “blazed away, sending ramrod and all into the rebels.” With his empty musket, Anderson seemed doomed to capture when a Confederate officer rode up to him, pointed a revolver to his head, and demanded his surrender. 2. 3. The Battle of Bentonville was the largest Civil War engagement fought in North Carolina. All the next day, Howard’s men heard the worrying rumble of cannon fire to their west. Hampton withdrew to the Cape Fear River port of Fayetteville, linking up with Hardee’s infantry before abandoning the city on March 11. The terrible truth dawned on the general that he had ridden through a Confederate picket line. "Battle of Bentonville, NC March 19-21, 1865". Belknap dispatched a courier to Carlin with a warning of what was awaiting them. General Information; March 19, 1865; March 20, 1865; ... Stanley, Steven. The Union order of battle is shown separately. The Federal troops broke up the picket line, then rode over a small rise. It also made it easier to move it along the available roads, which were rough at the best of times and were now deep in mud from a long spell of above average rain. The Battle of Bentonville: Day Two March 20, 2020 WalterCoffey Military , North Carolina One comment March 20, 1865 – The fight that began yesterday in North Carolina ended as Major General William T. Sherman scrambled to unite his Federal army to oppose General Joseph E. Johnston’s makeshift Confederate force. Hood attempted to retake Nashville from an occupying Federal army, despite having a significant numerical disadvantage. Confederate casualties at Bentonville were officially reckoned as 239 dead, 1,694 wounded, and 673 missing, for a total of 2,606. Battle. Cut loose from the Union Army’s vast supply system, Sherman’s men were showing signs of wear. As Carlin’s line collapsed, his men fled to the Morris farm, pursued by the enemy. One of the guns was visible, its horses hitched before the gunners had been driven away. The battle which took place at Bentonville, North Carolina, from the 19th through the 21st of March 1865, was the largest land battle ever fought in North Carolina. To buy a little time for Johnston, Hardee pitched into Slocum at Averasboro on March 15 and 16. While Hardee pressed his attack south of the Goldsboro Road against Morgan’s division, Davis ordered Morgan’s reserve brigade into action. Stevenson's Division Morgan’s troops were surrounded and fought part of the time from both sides of their breastworks. (Arrived on the battlefield March 21) Bate, Taliaferro, and McLaws formed their troops and charged five times, but each time were driven back by musket and cannon fire. Estimated total casualties during the battle range from 4,100 to 4,700 men. His attack on the bridge stalled, Mower withdrew to his original position to regroup and wait for reinforcements. Sherman claimed a figure of more than 1,600 Confederate prisoners taken. Only a last detail remained, with orders to burn the bridge. Hardee, Hoke, and the other commanders made up a veritable Who’s Who of the Confederate Army. Contents 1st position -- 2nd position -- 3rd position. On March 21, Johnston was still in place behind his entrenchments. Battle of Nashville (December 15–16, 1864), American Civil War engagement in which Confederate Lieutenant General John B. By 2:30 pm, Johnston was readying his attack. A series of Confederate attacks on the XX Corps began about 5 pm. Ltc John F. Smith, Brown's Division Buell and Miles were also thrown back from their run at the Confederate lines. army took place at Bentonville Battlefield in North Carolina on March 19-21, 1865. The Battle of Bentonville was the last major action in the Campaign of the Carolinas, and Johnston did not go to the aid of the besieged Confederate army at Petersburg. Carlin offered to post some guards to protect their house, but Cox replied, “Oh, that won’t save us!” Carlin pondered Cox’s anxiety. Mower’s move left him dangerously isolated, nearly a mile from any support. Belknap’s 90-man patrol, armed with repeating Colt rifles and Spencer carbines, advanced two miles from camp before scattering an enemy picket post in the dark. A correspondent for the New York Herald reported that one Confederate cannon shot killed two foragers and four horses. Cutting a path of destruction through the seat of the secession movement, Sherman captured Columbia before pressing north with the goal of cutting Confederate supply lines to Petersburg , VA. MG Edward C. Walthall, BG Daniel H. Reynolds (w) His three brigades fell back a mile to the XX Corps position. 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