However, the tests cannot be interpreted correctly unless we know to whom the letter was originally addressed. For Dillow, “Any system of interpretation which ignores these plain statements in the interests of fitting into a theological scheme must ask, ‘How else could John say it?’ If he wanted to assert that his readers were in fact born again in contrast to the world, how could he make it clearer?”. He states that Christ's propitiation is applied to BOTH groups. [1] Thus, at the end of the 19th century scholar Ernest DeWitt Burton wrote that there could be "no reasonable doubt" that 1 John and the gospel were written by the same author. God is *light and we should walk in the *light. 5. [4] It also distinguishes between the world (which is full of evil and under the dominion of Satan) and the children of God (who are set apart from the world). It is quite true that often the aim of the preacher and the teacher must be to awaken a godly sorrow which will lead to a true repentance. If the intended readers of the letter are born again Christians, then the tests cannot be methods of assessing whether the readers are born again. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God. Verses 1-4 of the first chapter constitute a prologue or introduction concerning the Incarnate Word. While Paul wrote to specific congregations and individuals, Peter, James, John, and Jude wrote to broader audiences scattered across the Roman empire. [22] Although no Greek manuscripts before the 15th century include the passage, Erasmus added it to later editions of his edition of the New Testament, beginning in 1522. ", The New Jerome Biblical Commentary, Edited by Raymond E. Brown, S.S., Union Theological Seminary, New York; NY, William J. Dalton, S. J.; Roland E. Murphy, O. Carm. The First Epistle of John, often referred to as First John and written 1 John or I John, is the first of the Johannine epistles of the New Testament, and the fourth of the catholic epistles. The New Jerome Biblical Commentary suggests that the three Johannine epistles "describe the fracturing of the Johannine community itself". More on that “something else” in the next blog post. Play! While this theory, first propounded by Ernst von Dobschütz and Rudolf Bultmann, is not universally accepted, Amos Wilder writes that, "It is at least clear that there are considerable and sometimes continuous elements in the epistle whose style distinguishes them from that of the author both with respect to poetic structure and syntactic usage. This indicates, at the very least, the linguistic characteristics changed over time. 1 John 2:15 "Do not love the world or the things in the world. There are other possible interpretations of the intended audience of this letter. The audience for 1 John is not explicitly stated, but it appears from his writings that John wrote to believers (see 1 John 1:3–4; 2:12–14), perhaps those in Asia Minor (modern-day Turkey), where some historical sources say John may have lived and ministered in the late first century A.D. Get this … [18] Papyrus 9, dating from the 3rd century, has surviving parts of chapter 4, verses 11–12 and 14–17.[19]. [1] The author advises Christians on how to discern true teachers: by their ethics, their proclamation of Jesus in the flesh, and by their love. They were corporate letters. They emphasize that God is light and love and every true believer will demonstrate God's light and love. If this is the case, this section cannot refer to anyone other than believing Christians in John’s own audience, and certainly not to Old Testament believers.26 On the other hand, Dodd argues that the Old Testament does sometimes identify the people Israel as the "children" (Deut 14:1) or "son/sons" of God (Ps. If a professing Christian passes these tests in 1 John, then she can have assurance of her salvation. Translations made since the 18th century and based on a critical edition do not include this text, or include it as a footnote. Its recipients were clearly believers, but no specific audience is mentioned. by Robert Yarbrough. 6. [8] In summary, the epistle may be said to exhibit a paraenetic style which is "marked by personal appeal, contrasts of right and wrong, true and false, and an occasional rhetorical question". John feels relieved as he listens to Adam describe how well he has supported his ideas. [6] The epistle is written in a simple style, without syntactical flourishes,[6] and makes frequent use of asyndeton, where related thoughts are placed next to one another without conjunctions. Written by John the Elder to house church believers, 1 John, 2 John, 3 John echo the gospel of John. This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 15:16. John asks. Through 1-3 John Sunday Service Sovereign Joy. 1 John 2:11 But he that hateth his brother is in darkness, and walketh in darkness, and knoweth not whither he goeth, because that darkness hath blinded his eyes. That which we have seen and heard declare we unto you, that ye also may have fellowship with … 8And there are three that beare witnesse in earth, the Spirit, and the Water, and the Blood, and these three agree in one.[24]. [ 1 john audience ] the original text was written that Christ 's propitiation applied. Arose about audience relevance in light of verse 28 of his readers be... 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